Letters during WWII

HOMEFRONT PRISONERS OF WAR THOMAS K. OLIVER (USAAF)      Tom Oliver in 2009      Oliver photos 2012 PETER DAHLBERG (ARMY)      December 7, 1941      Friends for Life      He Took My Place       Christmas Lights HAROLD TAYLOR (USAAF)      Story of Had Taylor STAN LIEBERMAN (ARMY)     Story of Stan Lieberman LESTER SNYDER (USAAF)       Durkee's Crew WARREN FAGERLAND (ARMY) EJI SUYAMA (ARMY)      My Combat in the 442nd HARRY NOLLSCH (ARMY)        Harry Nollsch       Taps Delayed       The Purple Heart FRANK MORAWA (GERM. ARMY)        Life of Frank Morawa LOYD BRANDT (MARINES)      Reluctant Heroes       Brothers in Arms JERRY TEACHOUT (USAAF)       Leaving Home for WWII CHUCK CHILDS (USAAF)       I Flew the Big One      Combat Mission 15      Riding Rails before WW2 HARRY PUTNAM (NAVY)       Veterans STEVEN WARREN (NAVY) GORDON LEASE (COAST GUARD) CLARENCE CARSNER (ARMY) WALLY DAHLQUIST (USAAF) GEORGE W. LARSON (NAVY) ALAN HERBERT (ARMY) RICHARD PERKINS (MARINES)      Letter home, 1944 RUSSEL FRINK (NAVY) JIM LOCKHART (NAVY) REX ALAN SMITH (ARMY ENG) VINCE FITZGERALD (NAVY) HONOR FLIGHTS CHARLES ANDERSON (USAAF)      Life of Charles Anderson HARLAND HERMANN (ARMY)      Letters during WWII WALTER MARCHAND (ARMY)      D-Day Doctor's Diary JUNO SUNDSTROM (ARMY) KEITH CHRISTENSEN (ARMY) DEAN SHAFFHAUSEN (NAVY) CHARLES GERLACH (NAVY) WAYNE BREWSTER (ARMY) WILLIAM A. SEMLEK (ARMY) KENNETH HALLIGAN (ARMY) WALTER MEHLHAFF (ARMY) EDDIE KODET (ARMY) TOM McDILL (ARMY) PAUL PRIEST (ARMY) VICTOR WEIDENSEE (ARMY)       Weidensee maps OLA CAMPBELL (USAAF) DALLAS BLOMQUIST (Marines) BILL LOFGREN (ARMY) HAROLD JANSEN (Navy)       Personal Summary JOHN W. FULLER (NAVY)      John Fuller Goes to War JOHN WILKINSON (ROYAL AF) MARCELLA LeBEAU (ARMY) HILARY COLE (USAAF) TOM WENN (USAAF) JOHN GASTON (USAAF) MAURICE CROW (USAAF) GEORGE MOLSTAD (USAAF) GEORGE MOE (US ARMY)
†††† I was chief of psychiatry & neurology at Fort Meade for many years. †The best book I know of about dealing with PTSD is War and Redemption by Larry Dewey. †Published by Ashgate, 2004.††
†††††††††††††††††††Fort Meade VA Hospital, Sturgis, South Dakota
†††† My friend Walter Marchand and his friend Roy Swank published the fundamental story in 1946, "Combat Neuroses:††Development of Combat Exhaustion" in Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry in 1946. †Walter was a Bn. Surgeon for the 4th Infantry landing on Utah Beach -- he 'lasted' a bit over 50 days, left a helpful diary.
†††† The endless recurrences of war are providing a new batch of PTSD for the nation to cope with, and for the individuals affected to try to live through despite their serious injuries. †But PTSD is not confined to military service experiences: †it is quite common throughout medical practice everywhere 'if it is looked for'. †Treatment is difficult. †Humanized relationships do make a difference -- the relationships provoking the disorder are 'animal', not 'human'. †Forcing people to return to the levels of the Chimpanzee (or worse) rends the fabrics of civilization.††
I have sorted out the letters†from several of my classmates [University of Nebraska, College of†Medicine] who were in the Army in 1944.† If any of these might serve a bit as responsive to your 'writers' group, well, I think I'm the only one left alive now -- and I think none of them would mind their communications to me back then to be part of 'HISTORY'.† Letters often express more than deliberate efforts to recall events†in a 'write-up'.††
--Harland Hermann M.D. Capt. AUS 1944-46† (in 2009 age of†90)


March 23.1945.Letter from Elmer.1st Lt. Elmer E. Glenn 01766360 APO #9281 c/o PM San Francisco, Cal.
Dear Harland:

††††††† I received your letter of 3 March and enjoyed it very much.I think I can appreciate all the things you were telling me about Indiantown Gap.I think I had very similar experience at Camp Beale in calif -- except we didnít have any cold, but it did rain.Otherwise it was the same.We lived in wooden Barracks and so forth.We were also buying everything under the sun and were awaiting money, partial payments and the like.Of course I loaded up on summer equipment for life in these South Pacific Islands.I imagine I didnít have as much weight to carry as you did.

††††††† I know how it feels to sit around day after day wondering when and where you are going next.In fact Iím still doing that but now that Iím overseas it doesnít seem to make quite so much difference.I am learning to enjoy life wherever I happen to be.Right now I am learning the art of shooting spears at fish.Itís quite a sport.I even enjoy just watching the little tropical fish play.Using an underwater mask you can watch them in their native habitat.

††††††† Well, Hermie -- I hope you find what you want in your ventures overseas. I hope you will find at least satisfaction in knowing you could do your part.There is some satisfaction in that anyway.

††††††† Do, by all means, let me know how you are coming from time to time and Iíll try to do the same.I canít say Iím doing very much yet except playing the life of the South Sea Islander.

††††††† Iíll be looking for letters regularly from you Hermie -- and the best of luck to you wherever you are.

††††††† ††††††† Your friend

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Elmer

______________________________________________

††††††† March 1945.††Harland Hermann wrote: To Norfolk Virginia, Camp Patrick Henryand supposed to leave in convoy, but they change their minds and I am routed north by trooptrain, through Washington, D.C.Many of us have time to rush out from the station and walk to the Capitol Building, wherewe stand on the steps.Then it's back to the train and on to Camp Shanks, New York.After three days there we are hauled by truck through New York City and embark on a ship.Mine is a converted 'banana boat'on which some 116 officer replacements find themselves stowed away.Three of us are M.D.s:Hogan, Ziolkowski, and me.Hogan is older, close to 50; Ziolkowski is one ofthe three finalists in Poker by the time we reach Italy.I did not play poker or any other gambling.I still had all my money.I held classes, when ordered to do so, for the other officers on Ďfirst aidí.

††††††† [December 28, 1997, Hermann notes: I had never been on board ship before.My bunk was a Ďhammockí, but I donít remember anyone else being in that particular room, so perhaps it was a single.We had been given lots of candy bars as go-away presents from the Red Cross people, and I sorted out about twenty of these there in that hammock, stowing them in some place, I suppose in my luggage.One of the surprises of shipboard is the noise of the engines, for once you are under way they go on and on without stopping.There was no porthole.

††††††† We were part of a convoy of four hundred ships.We had three destroyer escorts which were obviously speedy as they wound in and out among the rest of these boats.The convoy was so huge that we could never see very much of it at once, of course.Everyone zigzagged at 10 knots; so we were moving relatively slow.It took three weeks approximately, as I remember.Once we got into the Mediterranean past Gibraltar we did not have to zig zag any more, as the German submarines had been driven away from that body of water.

††††††† About three days out we got into a heavy Atlantic storm.All the officers on board had to eat standing up in the dining room while the crew ate sitting down -- we outnumbered them about twenty to one, but there were no conveniences like chairs for us.They served fish soup about that third day and thereafter I was somewhat seasick. I donít remember throwing up but I was not feeling very good for about three days.Of course the seas were high, big waves, and our banana boat was small, so it was moving every which way and up and own in very peculiar sequences.

††††††At night we were under total blackout, with heavy curtains covering the doorway by which we went on deck.We wore life jackets a lot, an old fashioned kind but hopefully effective?But I was also impressed with the immensity of the ocean.Leaving New York City we went out by Long Island; it was a very beautiful day that day.We went by the Statue of Liberty.Occasionally we moved in fog.Most of the memories I have of that trip, which of course have somehow slipped away for the most part, I enjoyed.I liked to sit at the front and watch the ship cut through the waves.

††††††† One day there was someone on board who was suspected of having appendicitis.He was transferred to one of the subchasers.It was interesting how they cast lines across and with pulled arrangement shipped him aboard.At first there was some consideration of sending me along, but that did not happen.I donít at present understand what the plan was for taking care of this man, nor indeed do I have any memory of examining him, or if he was one of our officers on board, but I think he was.{It has bothered me that I could spend three weeks on board a ship, like that, and have so many days of experiences, and end up with such hazy and scant memories of what happened -- but that is the way it has been, and for many years, not just the last decade.}

††††††† One of the crew was a young man from central Europe, Yugoslavia?, And we struck up a sort of friendship.He gave me a Russian language book which I still have.At the time it seemed like a language I might need to learn.

††††††† Somewhere near the Madeira Islands it was interesting how the sea was undulating in vast up and down ways but smooth, so that it was similar to a field with undulating rises and hollows.Another interesting time was when there were lots of flying fish to watch, as they would leap out of the water at the front or beside the boat.I think it was after we entered the Mediterranean that at night we saw lots of luminescence in the water too.††

††††††† I think we knew where we were headed, that it was Naples, Italy, but we may not have known this in the beginning and I think most of the ships probably went up to England and France, diverted as we approached Spain.

††††††† When we got into Naples there were many other ships in the harbor.We heard that a lot of chicken in boxes was just thrown overboard from one of them because the refrigeration hadnít worked properly and they were spoiled.†† Lots of Italians were stevedoring on the quays(?).Anyway we were presently off the boat and on solid land again.Now we got into trucks and wound through the city and up into some hills and over to Casserta about twenty miles or so, to a vast replacement depot.Naples itself was looking pretty bad, with so many buildings bombed into rubble, usually still standing for the most part but with parts of the walls blown out and down.

††††††† At the replacement depot I ended up in a pyramid tent with half a dozen other guys, separated now from the ones with whom I had been on the boat.]

_____________________________________________

April 4.1945.(Letter from Elmer Glenn)

Dear Harland:

††††††† I received one V mail letter from you dated 4 April 1945. It got here in good time from someplace.

††††††† I want you to mark my new address which will probably be of interest to you.

††††††† 1St Lt. Elmer E. Glenn 01766360

††††††† Med Det. 2Nd Bn 323rd Inf.

††††††† APO # 81 c/o PM, San Francisco

††††††† I am with the 81st Infantry Division which invaded the Palau group of Islands last fall.We are at a rest camp at present training and preparing for some more sport.So I believe I will get my fill of sightseeing on battlefronts.Well, we always said we would be glad to do our duty wherever it called us.

††††††† I spent a nice time on salt water and arrived at this unnamed Pacific Island last month (March).I really have enjoyed it a lot here.Right now the nights are getting a bit chilly and three blankets are in order.The days, however, are hot.

††††††† Libby tells me that Gordon Neligh is in Hawaii.Ervin Heiser came over with me but he is at places unknown at the present. I havenít any idea where.

††††††† I received a letter from Warner Nelson.Heís working like mad in Chicago and preparing to join the army in about 3 more months.

††††††† Libby, present, is visiting her folks and my folks and finding herself a job.I told her to take her time at the latter, however.

††††††† Well, H.T., a battalion Surgeonís job is rather interesting and busy enough in spite of all the derogatory criticism it used to take back in the states. Iím not disappointed, really.In fact, Iím glad for the chance to try to prove myself.And I have come to love to work with my men.I have one grand bunch of E.M. under me, several college men.I also have a 1st Lt. MAC under me.

††††††† Well, Pody, I guess Itís sign off on this one.Perhaps more later -- and perhaps someday I can tell you more of where I am and where I have been and stuff.You know censorship.

††††††Anyway, Solong for now and write again.

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Elmer.

_____________________________________________

Enclosure:

Italy, Jan.

Dear Twerp

††††††† Well was back in States again.This time for 48 hrs.Spent 30 of that on a train & then got on another damn boat.Such a world.Just had time to phone Francis & mail some excess junk home.

††††††† Sure was a good phone call though. I was a papa Dec. 27 of a 7 lb. 12 oz. Girl.Frances even tickled her toes so she would whimper thus appropriately talking to me.Donít know what she said but it sounded good to me.

††††††† Should hear Snooky brag about what a wonderful baby she is. Name is Lola Ann.Lola is Franís sister & Momís name is Anne.

††††††† Got a couple of John Surrey Ltd. pipes on a ship couple months ago.One was a big potbole and broke it in & sent it home to Dad.

††††††† Have been moving so fast havenít been able to get paid for 2 months.Snooks will be broke if I soon donít send her some more dough.

††††††† Well write me & tell me where the hell you are & what you are doing & how is Mrs hermie?

††††††† Your pal

††††††† ††††††† Jim [Lauridsen]

[Enclosure.Letter from Jim Lauridsen.]

25 Feb. 45

Italy

Dear Twerp

††††††† Read your letter & new address today.Guess you are in for the famous 1st. Lt. Sequence.Gen. Hosp then Station then overseas.Hope you get as good an outfit as mine.

††††††† Should have dropped in to see Fran & Lola ann at Omaha.She wold have cooked you a good steak.She claims we have a very exceptionally active and intelligent daughter.Guess all mamas think that -- one thing bet she is exceptionally spoiled. Her address is below, might write her a line sometime.

††††††† Apt. 24 Hamilton terrace

††††††† 210 S. 24th Omaha, Nebr.

††††††† Have been working like the very devil last couple weeks with medical care & processing Brazilian troops. My innoculation team gave 4800 innoculations in 3 1/2 hrs. the other nite.How is that -- and none of the victims could speak english. It is quite a job to care for them.20% have scabies & that is another problem.ďtuffsh-shsittskyĒ we call it.I can even speak a little Portugese now.What a deal.I have to treat Germans in Virginia, French in Africa and Italians & Brasils here.Arenít there any that speak English?

††††††† Well it does us good to be busy.Even my men appreciate it for now they get off guard duty & K.P.Donít let anyone tell you the medics donít do guard duty either.

††††††† Tell little ginny hello from Fran & I.We make you honorary Aunt & Uncle of or little daughter with privilege of holding her & even practicing changing her diapers so you will be proficient when you begin having your twerps & twerpettes.

††††††† Got a nice pipe for 6.50 on the Navy ship in Dec. Just same shape as the one you drew in your letter.Smokes good.Can;ít get any Union Leader here, damn it.Only Granger and Revelaiton.Such a country.

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Be good

††††††††††††††† ††††††† ††††††† Jim L

_____________________________________________

[Enclosure, letter from Elmer Glenn].

Dear Harland:

††††††† I just received your letter from Indian Town Gap, Pa.I know exactly how you feel, old timer- I went through the whole ordeal twice already. I am wondering if you are getting the job I was slated for when I started for Indian Town Gap, but never arrived there.It is hard to say.

††††††† I do know that you are looking forward to some adventure.Any red blooded American seems to have some of that adventuresome spirit in him.Also any red blooded American is anxious to do what is necessary for his country.We have discussed that matter in many previous discussions.

††††††† I have been anticipating my various experiences.Most so far have been pleasurable.The trip on the ship was interesting.We ate abundantly and I had a ravenous appetite. I can truthfully say that the food was some of the best I have ever eaten in the Army. I hope you found this true in your venture also.

††††††† Lillian says she saw you and your wife in Omaha and that you have her husbandís APO address anyway.If you should see him give him my regards, will you?I have not met him as yet myself.

††††††† Iím on an Island in the south Pacific, Harland.It is quite beautiful, though somewhat strange to a fellow who has never been outside of the states before. I am living in the midst of some very beautiful mountains in a pretty nice camp at present.There is a nice officerís club and drinks are sold at 20 cents a shot. Thatís pretty good, what?We listen to the South Pacific American radio which broadcasts some good old American programs.We eat quote well -- and have all the bananas we want.The PX has more than any I eve saw in the states.Ice cream and milk shakes are available in any amounts.We live in pyramidal tents with wooden floors, 2 to 3 in a tent so everyone is quite happy.It wouldnít be bad to stay here.Thereís a different movie each night and a swell projector. I guess that about describes this place.So you know all about me here now.

††††††† I have heard that Niehus has left the states. Is that true?Have you heard from him?If so send me his address.Jim Allely is still in Fresno, Calif.I guess I told you that Sam Moessner was overseas and I believe I have sent you his address.

††††††† Well, Harland, let me know what you can tell me, and Iíll keep trying to answer all letters.Iím doing pretty well on this one donít you think.Only about an hour has elapsed since I received your letter.

Your Pal,

††††††† Elmer

_____________________________________________

(Enclosure, letter from Carl Weller. On OFFICERS MESS ASF PRD. CAMP BEALE, CALIFORNIA.)

March 16, 1945

Dear Harland --:

††††††† Well, it would appear that we are both doing a little traveling.I imagine by now you have an APO No. and are on your way -- where??I hope you are getting a good deal -- mine right now doesnít particularly appeal to me. Iím with a casual outfit.It may turn out to be satisfactory though.Weíll see.

††††††† As you see, I spent some time at the above ASF PRD, having left Ft. Snelling on 18 Febr.Flew all the way to San Francisco and had about 4 days at home.Iím glad to see that you were able to spend some time at home also. I imagine it was a little tough on you, having to leave.So hope Virginia is well.Maybe we donít be gone too long --??

††††††† Have a boy with me who knew you at McCoy -- Lt. MAC Ed Santavicca.Weíve been doing a little tearing around when able -- not too much though!

††††††† Wonder how some of our other boys are making out.I havenít the slightest idea where any are, except Stewart.Wonder if heís a there -- should by now.

††††††† Well, guess thatís about it for now. Take care of yourself and drop me another note when youíre able.

††††††††††††††† ††††††† So long,

Enclosure:

Italy, Jan.

Dear Twerp

††††††† Well was back in States again.This time for 48 hrs.Spent 30 of that on a train & then got on another damn boat.Such a world.Just had time to phone Francis & mail some excess junk home.

††††††† Sure was a good phone call though. I was a papa Dec. 27 of a 7 lb. 12 oz. Girl.Frances even tickled her toes so she would whimper thus appropriately talking to me.Donít know what she said but it sounded good to me.

††††††† Should hear Snooky brag about what a wonderful baby she is. Name is Lola Ann.Lola is Franís sister & Momís name is Anne.

††††††† Got a couple of John Surrey Ltd. pipes on a ship couple months ago.One was a big potbole and broke it in & sent it home to Dad.

††††††† Have been moving so fast havenít been able to get paid for 2 months.Snooks will be broke if I soon donít send her some more dough.

††††††† Well write me & tell me where the hell you are & what you are doing & how is Mrs hermie?

††††††† Your pal

††††††† ††††††† Jim [Lauridsen]

______________________________________________

[Enclosure.Letter from Jim Lauridsen.]

25 Feb. 45

Italy

Dear Twerp

††††††† Read your letter & new address today.Guess you are in for the famous 1st. Lt. Sequence.Gen. Hosp then Station then overseas.Hope you get as good an outfit as mine.

††††††† Should have dropped in to see Fran & Lola ann at Omaha.She wold have cooked you a good steak.ŖHe claims we have a very exceptionally active and intelligent daughter.Guess all mamas think that -- one thing bet she is exceptionally spoiled. Her address is below, might write her a line sometime.

††††††† Apt. 24 Hamilton terrace

††††††† 210 S. 24th Omaha, Nebr.

††††††† Have been working like the very devil last couple weeks with medical care & processing Brazilian troops. My innoculation team gave 4800 innoculations in 3 1/2 hrs. the other nite.How is that -- and none of the victims could speak english. It is quite a job to care for them.20% have scabies & that is another problem.ďtuffsh-shsittskyĒ we call it.I can even speak a little Portugese now.What a deal.I have to treat Germans in Virginia, French in Africa and Italians & Brasils here.Arenít there any that speak English?

††††††† Well it does us good to be busy.Even my men appreciate it for now they get off guard duty & K.P.Donít let anyone tell you the medics donít do guard duty either.

††††††† Tell little ginny hello from Fran & I.We make you honorary Aunt & Uncle of or little daughter with privilege of holding her & even practicing changing her diapers so you will be proficient when you begin having your twerps & twerpettes.

††††††† Got a nice pipe for 6.50 on the Navy ship in Dec. Just same shape as the one you drew in your letter.Smokes good. Can;ít get any Union Leader here, damn it.Only Granger and Revelaiton.Such a country.

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Be good

††††††††††††††† ††††††† ††††††† Jim L

______________________________________________

[Enclosure, letter from Elmer Glenn].

Dear Harland:

††††††† I just received your letter from Indian Town Gap, Pa.I know exactly how you feel, old timer- I went through the whole ordeal twice already. I am wondering if you are getting the job I was slated for when I started for Indian Town Gap, but never arrived there.It is hard to say.

††††††† I do know that you are looking forward to some adventure.Any red blooded American seems to have some of that adventuresome spirit in him.Also any red blooded American is anxious to do what is necessary for his country.We have discussed that matter in many previous discussions.

††††††† I have been anticipating my various experiences.Most so far have been pleasurable.The trip on the ship was interesting.We ate abundantly and I had a ravenous appetite. I can truthfully say that the food was some of the best I have ever eaten in the Army. I hope you found this true in your venture also.

††††††† Lillian says she saw you and your wife in Omaha and that you have her husbandís APO address anyway.If you should see him give him my regards, will you?I have not met him as yet myself.

††††††† Iím on an Island in the south Pacific, Harland.It is quite beautiful, though somewhat strange to a fellow who has never been outside of the states before. I am living in the midst of some very beautiful mountains in a pretty nice camp at present.There is a nice officerís club and drinks are sold at 20 cents a shot. Thatís pretty good, what?We listen to the South Pacific American radio which broadcasts some good old American programs.We eat quote well -- and have all the bananas we want.The PX has more than any I eve saw in the states.Ice cream and milk shakes are available in any amounts.We live in pyramidal tents with wooden floors, 2 to 3 in a tent so everyone is quite happy.It wouldnít be bad to stay here.Thereís a different movie each night and a swell projector. I guess that about describes this place.So you know all about me here now.

††††††† I have heard that Niehus has left the states. Is that true?Have you heard from him?If so send me his address.Jim Allely is still in Fresno, Calif.I guess I told you that Sam Moessner was overseas and I believe I have sent you his address.

††††††† Well, Harland, let me know what you can tell me, and Iíll keep trying to answer all letters.Iím doing pretty well on this one donít you think.Only about an hour has elapsed since I received your letter.

Your Pal,

††††††† Elmer

(Enclosure, letter from Carl Weller. On OFFICERS MESS ASF PRD. CAMP BEALE, CALIFORNIA.)

March 16, 1945

Dear Harland --:

††††††† Well, it would appear that we are both doing a little traveling.I imagine by now you have an APO No. and are on your way -- where??I hope you are getting a good deal -- mine right now doesnít particularly appeal to me. Iím with a casual outfit.It may turn out to be satisfactory though.Weíll see.

††††††† As you see, I spent some time at the above ASF PRD, having left Ft. Snelling on 18 Febr.Flew all the way to San Francisco and had about 4 days at home.Iím glad to see that you were able to spend some time at home also. I imagine it was a little tough on you, having to leave.So hope Virginia is well.Maybe we donít be gone too long --??

††††††† Have a boy with me who knew you at McCoy -- Lt. MAC Ed Santavicca.Weíve been doing a little tearing around when able -- not too much though!

††††††† Wonder how some of our other boys are making out.I havenít the slightest idea where any are, except Stewart.Wonder if heís a there -- should by now.

††††††† Well, guess thatís about it for now. Take care of yourself and drop me another note when youíre able.

††††††††††††††† ††††††† So long,

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Carl

______________________________________________

April 26.1945.Thursday.

My Darling

††††††† I am still here in this little town on the outskirts of a city -- it has not been a busy day; in fact I slept for an hour this afternoon.Clouds and rain all day, but not enough rain to make the mud bad.

††††††† We have a dog, Dago by name, which looks like might be part coach hound -- he is still in the pup stage.He sits around shivering and looking very moody; must be battle fatigue, you know, a mild psychoneurosis.

††††††† I have not met anyone from Nebraska, but one fellow is from Wyoming, another from Chicago (close to home).There is a Lt. Mackey here from Georgia.

††††††† We all wonder why Jerry keeps fighting, but there is no stopping for speculation; our boys just keep hot on his tail.

††††††† As acting Regimental Surgeon Iíve been on the Special Staff of the Regt. C.O., a full Colonel -- of course everything is pretty informal, and things tend to run by themselves.Anyway it has meant an opportunity to spend a lot of time at headquarters, called Reg. C. P. (Command Post).

††††††† Have had some cases of scabies on sick call, and eczema and secondary infection from scratching.Would not be surprised if I got scabies myself a few times before this is over.We paint them up with benzyl benzoate on three or four consecutive days, or use sulfur ointment.Sick call runs light in this outfit.More often than not they donít report on sick call for fear you will pull them out of their station; there are even instances where men are eligible for discharge but refuse to accept it, want to stay.

††††††† I do not think the 442nd will fight in the Pacific.Have heard that they were promised not to have to.If they donít & I stay with them, why of course I wouldnít go Pacific either.Donít really hope for that though -- if they need me in the Pacific they would simply transfer me out.

††††††† Well, shucks, what a Life!I donít even know for sure that you ever got to Vanderbilt or whether I am using a proper address.If I am not there are about seventy letters piling up somewhere.Honey itís just like talking to myself, in a way -- but dearie Iím not being critical of you, because I think the mail just got held up, that is all.

††††††† Ginny, I happened to pick out a letter you wrote me early in Febr., fumbling around in my barracks bag.A very sweet one, about the only time you ever wrote five whole pages and a postscript to boot!And there was a cute little ďbooĒ written where I would see it when unsealing the flap.Iím glad I brought it along, and read it again.Makes me a little wistful.Perhaps a guy gets a different outlook when not only time but also space and a different, drastically different type of living, separates him from the girl back home.

††††††† 8.50.

††††††† When I tell my fellow officers how long I have been in Italy, without exception, a strange peculiar look comes on their faces, just the faintest smile, and they shake their heads.Many have been overseas for four years, the rest two, except a few only about one year.I wonder what that look means.

††††††† The Partisans around here seem to be celebrating, shooting off flares and maybe a few old mines and a lot of small arms.Silly damn foolish.Something zinged over so Iíve come inside -- donít comprehend.Makes a guy jumpy.We move again tomorrow.

††††††† We all hope the war will be over soon.Every day and every drive means more casualties.Some will be killed on the very last day.It is too bad.It is terrible that there had to be a war anyway.What a mess this world is.

††††††† Darling, I love you so.Please God send me a letter soon.

††††††† Your Hubby.

April 30.1945.Letter from Paul Maxwell, Mayo Clinic, Rochester Minn. Mailed on May 2.

Dear Harland

††††††† Rec-d your V-mail a few days ago -- It was certainly nice to hear from you - If itís warm where you are - that is certainly more than I can say for the weather here - As a matter of fact we just had a flash snow -- I suppose weíll be looking for shade thoí in another few days ---

††††††† So youíre taking care of the colored boys -- I had to smile just a little bit - I would have enjoyed hearing your talk on venereal dis - Hope you really rubbed their noses in it.

††††††† Speaking of V.D. Iíve seen about every luetic syndrome in the books - most have been taboparetics c lightning pains -- & think they have organic abdominal disease - Believe me, itís a terrible disease -- It is surprising how many neurological pts we see on this floor.I had a cerebello pontine angle tumor a few days ago also a Gradenigo[s syndrome -- (you know thatís one that Dr Davis told us about - tempero parietal pain - middle ear infection - &* paralysis of the lateral rectus on the same side ) - also have seen a lot of other interesting cases which I would enjoy talking to you about if we could sit & quaff an ale & toss the bull -- or even a steak at Comentos ---

††††††† Itís certainly nice having the family here c me.We have a nice place - stay home most of the time because we canít afford to go out.Iím certainly glad that we have a radio --

††††††† You say Elmer Glenn is over in the Pacific - Howíd he get back in the army?I thought he was out - Iíll still be at this place for another 11 moís.One gets pretty tired only doing histories & physicals but it could be worse - thatís the big disadvantage here - not getting in on the treatment end-

††††††† Louis Gogela is out at St Maryís in Neurosurgery - He says these neurosurgeons could do five majors while old Keegan was getting ready to do one - Sheldon switched from Geníl Surgery to Neurosurgery so he could get to be a 1st assistant.They are so short of Fellows on that service that they move the Fellows up to 1st asst. after theyíve been c them 3 moís ---

††††††† Iíve been hearing quite regularly from Sam -- guess heís expecting the arrival of a junior partner soon at home -- Heís sure a fine boy - Iíll be glad when we can all sit around, talk this thing over from a longrange viewpoint & sing ĎIíll be seeiní Kelly homeí -- Has anyone heard from P. Stone?

††††††† Are you getting to do any active medical or surgical work?What does the country look like around about you?There are quite a few boys from our class over there -- Have you seen or heard from any of them?

††††††† Well so long for now pal -- write again soon & Iíll be thinking about you & wish you the best --

††††††† Your friend

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Paul

____________________________________________

Enclosure: Letter from Capt. Samuel Moessner.Med. Det. 749 Rwy.Bn. APO 75 c/o postmaster.Philippine Islands†

April 1.1945.

Dear Herm,

††††††† Perhaps it is Capt. H. T. Hermann instead of Lt.If it is not it ought to be soon.Just how the heck are you getting along?Faring sumptuously or primitively?I was glad to hear from you.I wish I knew where you are & so have a better understanding.How do you feel about being a doctor now?At times I awaken to the fact that once I had an M.D. Degree and then in a more pensive mood I bemoan the fact that Iím not practicing medicine like Tubby Marsh, or even sitting guarded in a residency, learning, observing and studying as I should.†† I feel so inadequate as a physician & then surg. Appears now as an art impossible for me to obtain. What are your thoughts now that you are in the field perhaps.

††††††† I was glad to hear you are married.Itís good to know that Ginny is finishing her training.Thatís swell.So Uncle Charlie Baker has some more family. He will soon be as bad as my 6 daughters deal.Do you remember?I thought Bisgard would be thinner.Why is Lloyd H. thinner?He doesnĎt appear to worry in his life.

††††††† I like to reminisce of days when we were together.Gee that was swell.Right now Iím having a great time learning the customs of the people here.I had dinner with one family.Smiles on the faces are S.O.P. at all the times.Personally I have good living conditions.

††††††† Be of good courage Herm.Maybe weíll spend the next Easter at home, we hope!I attended Easter service among the rumble of guns.Please note new APO # 75.

††††††† ††††††† Gruess und Kuess,

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Sam M.

_____________________________________________

May 23.1945.(Letter from Elmer Glenn)

Phillipine Islands

Dear Harland:

††††††† I received your letter from I expect ďItalyĒ according to the currency I found.I am wondering if you saw combat before things ended over there in Europe.I got assigned to a Division but I have not seen combat yet.I canít say I am anxious for combat experience for Iíll be satisfied to sit in camps at one place or another.However, I donít expect it will be my lot to avoid combat continuously.There are plenty of the little sons of b ---- Japs over here to take care of yet. And I guess Iíll be one to help take care of them.

††††††† We are located at present on a sandy beach of one of the many islands of the Phillipines.My tent is located only a hundred yards or so from the beach so I can swim in the nice water as much as I desire.Besides, itís about the only way to bathe at present anyway. Living with the Infantry is not the most pleasant way to live -- especially in these damned tropical islands. Iíll be glad when I donít have to see them again and can be back in that most wonderful country in the world, the U.S.A.

††††††† There are some things OK about being a battalion surgeon.You are more or less your own boss -- but there are a hell of a lot of other places in the army which are better for a medic.Iíll take civilian practice anytime, anyway. I hope it wonít be too long till weíre all back to it again.May the little Jap see the handwriting on the wall and give up soon.

††††††† Solong now --

††††††† ††††††† Your friend

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Elmer.

___________________________________________

Letter from Erwin Roeser.

the City of Chicago. 1753 West Congress Street, Cor. Wood

Dear Hermie,

††††††† Received your letter noting the experiences of a world traveler.Must say, I am most jealous of your travel, but I will probably soon be adding up some miles behind me.

††††††† I suppose I am slated for Carlisle for July 6th.Have already rented a room so Eva & baby may go along.As yet I havenít any orders so am pawing my mailbox hourly.

††††††† Would like to go home for a few days.Have been there only 3 days since Febr. 1943.But doubt if time will permit.

††††††† I donít hear a dam thing from Elmer.Maybe I have a wrong address.Will check.

††††††† It probably isnít nice to write about but we splurged to a couple of Met. Operas here -- Lohengrin & Die Meistersinger.Enjoyed very much.Perhaps you can take one in while in Rome etc. If a house still stands.By the way, go easy on the wine.

††††††† Weíll write you of my next address.

††††††† ††††††† As ever, ††††† †††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Erwin

_____________________________________________

July 23.1945.(Letter from Elmer Glenn, Philippine Islands)

Dear Harland:

††††††† Your letter of July 7 arrived.Boy, how you do get around.So you are now a surgeon in a station hospital.All I can say is lucky boy.Of course, you wonít be as free as you were in the Infantry, but you will have some excellent medical experiences.I am close to a station hospital on this island.I go up there for their ward rounds of special cases occasionally and learn a lot.I would be glad to be in one.I expect your hospital will be moving up in these parts one of these days.I hope weíll be somewhere near each other -- but the chances arenít too good that we will.

††††††† I am learning a lot about these damnable tropical diseases.Fungous ears, impetiginous dermatitis -- on top of all we learned in Manson Bahr.We see practically all.They are interesting as long as someone else has them.I have been fortunate so far and am not greatly troubled yet.

††††††† I suppose now that you are set in a surgical ward that you will turn a surgeon.I am quite interested, myself in orthopedics and mayhaps, if I get the breaks, will go in to it.

††††††† I had a letter from Rankin recently.He saw Brewster in Hawaii.Gordon Neligh is still there with the 98th Division.I havenít heard from Gordon in some time -- Iím going to have to send him a prodder in the behind or something to get him out of his sack and get to writing a few letters.I havenít heard from Sam recently either.He is working on a transfer to a portable surgical unit or some such affair.More power to him.Kleager is on a Navy APA. I expect you have ridden on them. I have been on a couple of them.They are pretty nice setups -- except there is far from enough work on one for 5 medical officers in ordinary times.

††††††† Well, Harland, I guess Iíll quit for now.I enjoyed your letter.I hope more will be forthcoming.I wrote a couple of other to you recently -- maybe you will have received them by the time you get this.Anyway, know ye that I think of all my old friends very often.Solong for now.

††††††† Your friend,

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Elmer

August 9.(Letter to Lt. Erwin H. Roeser, M.C., Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.) RETURNED TO WRITER.UNKNOWN.

Dear Erwie

††††††† I would have written long ago except I hoped to get a letter from you with your Army address.I forget when I wrote last -- perhaps I sent you word that I was transferred into the 81st Station Hosp and am on the surgical staff.

††††††† My mail situation is terrible.The stuff must be held up somewhere.I write about fifty letters a month so I naturally feel like Iíve tossed the bread on the water but get mighty little in return.

††††††† It is cloudy & cool this morning.We are in tents so can take full advantage of nice weather.I have been sleeping without a mattress on a wooden bunk.The first night I woke up a dozen ties, but now I sleep right through same as if I were laying on feathers.

††††††† The ďStars & StripeĒ, our newspaper, is out with news of an atomic bomb this morning, already being used on the Japs.It is horrible to think of.If it works it will change the whole theory & practice of war.It may change other things too, I suppose.Somehow the world seems to be in an awful turmoil, which is distressing when I consider how little of it seems to contribute to making the world a better place to live in.Well, I am glad the U.S. has the atomic bomb -- if otherwise you and I probably would never have a chance to get back home.This way it might be sooner, I suppose, than I have anticipated.Really, it seems to me this is just as heinous as gas warfare, if not moreso.Says one bomb equals 20,000 tons, not lbs of TNT.Well, fifty pounds, or even two pounds of high explosive, if close enough, is pretty bad -- this is unspeakable.I wonder whether we can keep it secret, & doubt it- which means that any government which wishes to tyrannize need only hit the first overwhelming blow --

††††††† Had a letter from Elmo a couple weeks ago.I donít think he has gotten into combat yet.

††††††† Suppose Carlisle is awfully hot.It was plenty cold most of the time I was there.Personally I prefer Nebraska to Pennsy.

††††††† Did you take Eva & baby with you?Probably you did -- it is nice to keep them around.Most everyone gets five or six months in the States before overseas, and if things go well maybe you will not have to leave.

††††††† Think I will stop here -- going to play a little volley ball.

††††††† ††††††† Aff. Yrs.

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Harland

October 5, 1945.(Letter from Sam Moessner) Okinawa Shima (Sent to 909 So 37the Street, Lincoln, Nebraska with request to forward.)

Capt. Sam Moessner, M.D.0365448.59 Port Surg Hosp APO 337 c/o PM San Francisco, Calif.

Dear Herm:

††††††† For over seven weeks I have not received mail until yesterday upon my return from Manila I found about 33 letters two of which were from you.So Iíll try to get this reply off just as fast as I can.Since your last letter you went to the states & even honored my people by visiting with them.I am certainly happy you got to have 30 days leave but on the other hand I hope you can remain at home & not go overseas again.I was darn glad to get those pictures too. I donít believe I have any of myself in the field or else Iíd send them to you.

††††††† I left the railway Bn in Manila to join this little hosp. just in time to join the rest in one big loaf. Since Aug 1 the day I joined here weíve done absolutely nothing.The prospects are that we will continue to do nothing for another month.We moved a half a dozen times.We flew here to Okinawa in C46.We have a lot of extra equipment as an xray machine, operating equipment, etc.I made several trips by plane for the sake of enjoyment.I flew to Manila twice and to Japan once.That part of Japan that I saw was beautiful.I was at a large naval base.Perhaps if you come over here you may go to Japan. Iíd certainly do everything possible to see you.We are destined to go to Osaka.

††††††† I never saw Elmer as much as I had hoped to. I did see Louis Gilbert -- he looked better than I had ever seen him, almost fat.He is the same cheerful guy.

††††††† Where do you plan to train in surgery The idea of Mayos intrigues me but I doubt if Iíd make it.I wouldnít mind going to Samuel Merritt in Oakland, Calif. Where Dr. Charlie is but the AMA does not recognize the place for a residency & so the GI bill of rights pays would not apply there.Mayos would be grand though.Gee, Iíd like to be at the same place as you. Iím sure weíd enjoy the work more being together.

††††††† You sound as fed up with the army as I am.My only longing is to get home & start training.Iíve read a little trying to widen my general knowledge and vocabulary but Iím as ignorant as ever.I still envy your knowledge of general things & the vocabulary.

††††††† Our bivouac area overlooks the channel to Ie Shima where Ernie Pyle lies buried. Itís a most beautiful site.The coral reflects light especially in contrast to the deep green foliage.The ocean is nice here too. It is really pretty here in Okinawa. The last few days have been cool.People & living is primitive.

††††††† Yes, it would be grand if Ginny could train further in college should you have to remain in the army.I hope you can get home soon, however.

††††††† Iíve rambled enough.Letís continue to write.Elmer wrote lately and so did Paul Maxwell. Heís enjoying a nice fellowship there at Mayos. He is to be envied but maybe we will be more fortunate not to have our training interupted like he no doubt will.I havenít seen Brewster but would like to.

††††††† So long Hermie.Write when you can..Greet your folks from me.

††††††† Gruess & Kuess

††††††† ††††††† Sam

November 18.1945.(Letter from Capt. Sam Moessner) (Sent to 909 So. 37, Lincoln, then forwarded to Fitzsimons Hospital, Denver.(Typed!)

Osaka, Honshu, Japan

APO #660 18 Nov., 1945

Dear Hermie,

††††††† I donít know if itís my turn to write or not but Iíll do the writing anyway.Helen tells me you were in Lincoln for quite some time and honored her with a visit as you did my Mother and Helen.Both homes were so glad to have you come.Iím so glad you got the opportunity to be with Ginny for those weeks.I hope her relative is better.I donít know where you will be so Iíll send this letter to your motherís for forwarding.Gee, Hermie, I do hope you got yourself a good assignment.I know what it means.

††††††† I am getting a real education here in the land of the ĒRising SunĒ.I am fascinated with this country in many ways.First of all, there is more to see here than I was given to believe.Secondly, this country is not too far behind ours in modernization and culture.It is a country of art and blessed with pretty scenery.The people are super-ambitious and frugal in their peculiar ways of living.Osaka, with a prewar pop. Of 3 1/2 million has more industry than one can shake a stick at.The factories were all built in fairly recent years, it seems.I am surprised at the degree of fraternization here.Geisha girls are kept busy these days.Itís a thriving business here for the girls.

††††††† The cities here (what is left of them) are surprisingly modern.Souvenirs are going up in price every week.The automobiles, mostly American makes, are run on gases (methyl I suppose) derived from charcoal burners that have been inserted into the trunk compartment.Homes are of light construction but of a better grade of construction that I had been given to believe.Every bit of land is farmed.Iím glad I got to see this country.I plan to travel a great bit by plane since Iím in the air-corp now.My hospital was deactivated this past week, I have the odds and ends to clean up yet.I am assigned to the 384 Ftr. Group, as a group surgeon., The job calls for a majority and flight pay, but I wonít get that Iím, sure, since we medics are used and abused at will. Our point system (MCs) is still so high even though there are two thirds too many docs in this army.It isnít fair.I heard that those guys that were paid are being relieved.Is that true?

††††††† I wish I could plan for the future, but it is hard to prognosticate when I will get out.I ought to do like you and apply at Mayoís.Iíd sure like to go there for training; wouldnít it be grand to be there together?

††††††† Say hello to all the family and write.

††††††† Guess Und Kuess

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Sam

______________________________________________

November 19.1945.(Letter from Erwin Roeser) 3932 Pine Grove, Chicago, Illinois.

Dear Hermie:

††††††† It was so nice to hear from you that I am answering your script pronto!

††††††† Yes I wrote you I would give you my address as soon as I had a more or less definite one.At the time I even had an apartment on ďGĒ street in Carlisle.And for 27 days I waited to hear that I was disqualified for active duty and put on an inactive duty status until 6 mo. After the duration.That was followed by a letter stating I would hear from the Vet. Service.No letter.It was a disappointment to me that I could share in the A.U.S.With 20 mo. of GU.I probably would have gotten some such similar assignment I was told.

††††††† Now I have been replaced in my residency etc.I can work with Kretschmer in his office but would prefer to secure more training, esp. In Surgery.All places are filled for sometime to come in most cases, as you probably know.It surely would do well if we both could land at Mayoís.

††††††† Am most anxious to meet your wife.Is she thru training?Am quite envious of you & your 1942 Nash.Esp. here in Chicago my salary the past 18 mo. Has been $39.90/mo and almost paid the rent (Being broke is nothing new to us?)

††††††† Hermie you may come thru Chicago & if yo do please give me a ring so I can see you.We are temporarily located on the north side.Call Diversy 3883, any time, as some one is always home with the Ďnubbiní.She is 9 mo. now and is the source of unending pleasure.

††††††† Hope lowered army points will effect you soon.Donít see why you would be slated for Pacific duty.

††††††† ††††††† Love,

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Erwin

December 14. 1945.(Letter from Captain Elmer Glenn)

This one was addressed to Fitzsimons General Hospital in Denver, but was sent back ĎUNKNOWNí; toured the AAF Rec Center at Ft. Snelling, Minnesota, then did arrive in Denver on Dec 29, 4.30 pm.!!!

††††††† Hashimohe Air Base, Aomori Prefecture, Honshu, Japan, 12 December 1945.

Dear Harland:

††††††† At long last I received a letter from you.I also got another one returned which I had mailed last October - well that is life in the Army.Dad had written and said that you had left a note and that you were on the way to Fitzsimons.Boy, you lucky man -- that is an ideal assignment.I hope I get a break when this outfit folds up.

††††††† This part of Japan is very dead and drear.The people are very poor.They seem to accept no readily.No incidents of any kind have been encountered on any side.

††††††† Many of our men have gone or are going home.We are down to about 1/2 strength now.There is very little to do.I help run the dispensaries on the post and also help out in the port hospital.I give most of the anesthetics, I have a microtome from a Jap hospital and play around with tissues, I put on a cast occasionally (I have seen a couple of fractures of the carpal scaphoid since being here).

††††††† The 81st Division is going to be moving stateside very shortly -- but the policy in this theater is to move only men eligible for discharge so I am expecting to be reassigned to another outfit very shortly -- and remain in Japan for another 6-12 months.This annoys me no end -- for I have had enough of this field life in Japan.There is little else here to interest me.

††††††† Sam is down at the other end of this island but I havenít seen him -- we are only some 6-700 miles apart, so you can see why.

††††††† I hope you get your other bar soon -- it helps out financially -- thatís a cinch.Now that youíre settled in one place your promotion should not be too long delayed.Mine was held up here for a while because of certain local policies - but it finally went thru.

††††††† I hear that Erwin is out of the Army and is taking some more resident work.Now just what kind of strings does one have to pull to be able to get such a deal -- can you tell me?Iím sure you and I and about 25,000 other MCís would like to know.MCís over here even when eligible for discharge are being held for up to 60 days pending getting replacements.Naturally they get plenty poíd when they hear of a deal like Erwinís.

††††††† Well, Harland -- Solong and I do hope you have a merry Christmas -- and that the New Year will be as you desire

††††††† ††††††† Your friend

††††††††††††††† ††††††† Elmo

December 20.1945.(Letter from Sam Moessner)

Osaka, Japan

Dec. 16, 1945

Dear Hermie,

††††††† Just received a letter from you.I was much amused at it & read it 2 times in succession & parts of it three times.Thanks for the pictures of Lucy.The photography of it is good.

††††††† It does me hart good to read how you drove to Denver stopping at those familiar places and mention of the names.Iím glad to know about Don Brewster.Do you know his organization & APO? Iíd write him sometime.I hope Ginny can join you by Xmas & that you get a fine place to stay.Too bad the living costs are so high.Iíll need an auto when I return & I do want a fair place to live when I train in surgery upon my return.†† Maybe I wonít get that though.Gee, I hope we can train together.Say, maybe you can tell me how to apply at Mayos.Who do I address the application to & how many references are necessary.

††††††† Since mid-Nov. the 59 Port Surg Hosp. has been deactivated.Since I became the honorable CO by chance (& not merit) it was my duty to assume the responsibility for all the equipment.I was exceedingly happy when the last item was accounted for.Iím living very well now since being with the air corp men and especially since living in this home of the :Ēbig wheelsĒ.Itís sort of hotel fashion.Japs do all the work. G.I.s are becoming rare here.My enlisted men are practically all gone in fact in the group as a whole the officers outnumber the enlisted men 2-1.

††††††† Well Herm olí boy, I hope you stay put there for a while so you can enjoy a comfortable stay with Virginia.Elmer wrote from Hashimolu air base in Northern Honshu here that itís pretty cold.He is a captain now but still with the 2nd Ban & 323 Inf of 81 Div. (APO 81).The 81 is going home soon & he thinks heíll be transferred to the 77 Div.Libby is a counselor to student nurses at Wesley Hosp. of Northwestern Uni.Elmer tells me that Geo. Gostas is finishing Med school there & will interne at Passavant Memorial in Chicago.

††††††† 5 oíclock: I just returned from seeing the 41 Div. Football team take the Nagoya base team 20 to 0.It was a lot of fun.

††††††† Greet all the folks,

††††††† Gruess und Kuess

††††††† ††††††† Samuel Moessner.